QB med , Işıklar cad. Küçükbakkalköy m.No:37 Kat:2 Ataşehir/İstanbul
Ataşehir Çocuk KBB Uzmanı

Atasehir Pediatric ENT Specialist

ENT diseases are a serious problem in children, especially in winter. Especially in kindergartens and schools, it is observed that throat, ear and nose diseases increase the most. If these diseases are not treated, they become chronic and adversely affect the physiological development of children. Some ENT diseases observed in children are as follows;

  • Sinusitis
  • Middle ear infections
  • Eardrum problems
  • Lymph gland disorders
  • Amygdala problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Common cold
  • Neck tumors

How Are They Treated?

Admission of antibiotics in an unconscious state is harmful to health, but also negatively affects the development of the child. Untreated ENT diseases also become chronic and still negatively affect the health of the child. Therefore, the child should be treated for ENT diseases and checked by a pediatrician.

The most common ENT problem is the common cold and flu. Therefore, the developing eardrum, nasal enlargement and fluid accumulation in tonsillitis are also very common.

Common pediatric ENT surgeries are as follows:

  • Tonsil Surgery
  • Middle Ear Infections
  • Fluid Buildup in the Middle Ear

How to Protect Children from ENT Diseases

Families need to protect children from infections. Parents should take care not to transmit infections and viruses to children as much as possible. To do this, it is important to keep the children's room and home at the right temperature and to feed them with products that strengthen the immune system. If recurrence of ENT infections is observed within 3 months, the child must undergo a detailed examination.

ENT diseases may occur due to the symptoms that families sometimes see in their children. Expert opinion is needed. In these times, it is more appropriate to act according to the opinions of pediatricians who follow their children from infancy for the first time. If necessary, the pediatrician will refer you to an ENT specialist.

A child can have various diseases in the ENT area, starting in the mother's womb and spanning into childhood. For example, if there is a risk in pregnancy, the child may experience hearing problems during or immediately after birth. For this purpose, newborn hearing testing is a common practice in many hospitals. In children born with nasal congestion or respiratory failure, certain developmental or anatomical disorders may be present in the upper respiratory tract.

Early Diagnosis

The most common conditions such as upper respiratory tract infections (cold, flu), otitis media and throat infections (such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis) are usually identified and treated by pediatric specialists. However, if these diseases recur frequently or do not improve despite treatment, they should be examined by an ENT specialist. This also applies to children with frequent lower respiratory tract infections. Because the nose is the head of the respiratory tract, and the air going to the lungs is first heated, moistened and cleaned on the nose. Therefore, it is important to treat children with nasal congestion.

On the other hand, long mouth breathing, difficulty in breathing, persistent runny nose and cough may come to mind in children with nasal congestion, sinusitis or nasal concha. Hoarseness can be observed in children who speak loudly and scream. As a result, there is no specific age for ENT examination for children. For early diagnosis, the opinion of the pediatrician, who has followed the child since birth, is very important.

Pediatric ENT Diseases

There are congenital, inflammatory, traumatic, developmental and neoplastic diseases in childhood. Genetic and tonsil problems are among the most common diseases in childhood. These diseases can be treated using the most modern methods such as surgical treatment, laser and thermal. Congenital absence of the eartip can be treated with cartilage from a person's own rib or with a prosthesis.