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Child ENT

Families cherish their children and pay utmost attention to their health. However, especially in winter, it is common for children to get sick from their ear, nose and throat tracts. First of all, it should be noted that adult physiology and pediatric physiology are different from each other and they are two separate areas of expertise. For this reason, any health problem experienced by children should be evaluated by physicians with pediatric expertise.

ENT diseases are a very common problem in children, especially in winter seasons. Especially, the period of starting kindergarten and pre-school is the time when otolaryngological diseases increase the most. If these diseases are not treated, they become chronic and adversely affect the physiological development of children.

Some ENT diseases in children are as follows; 


What are Child ENT Diseases?

Child ENT, also referred to as Pediatric ENT, treats diseases such as sinusitis, head and neck tumors, otitis media, adenoid and tonsil problems, respiratory tract problems and common cold in children. Different treatment methods are available for these diseases. For this reason, it is necessary to consult a specialist physician, and not ignore even diseases such as flu or cold. So much so that antibiotics and drugs used unconsciously affect the development of children negatively; they can cause various problems in adulthood.

Today, commonly encountered child ENT diseases are tonsil problems, eardrum problems, sinusitis and adenoid problems. Pediatric ENT specialists must be consulted for the treatment of these diseases.

How Are Child ENT Diseases Treated? 

The ear - nose - throat triangle, where children get sick most often, is especially affected by colds and flu diseases. In the formation of any infection, the ear, nose and throat are impacted together and consequently, treated together. However, problems such as adenoid enlargement in the same area, fluid accumulation in the eardrum or damage to the eardrum, and the tonsils failing to fulfill their protective functions and becoming infected themselves are also treated in the child ENT field.

If not treated, the diseases encountered in the ear nose and throat area can become chronic and can negatively affect the physiological development of children. For this reason, families are recommended to provide their children with a living space at the right temperature, free from infections and viruses, as well as to feed them with foods that will strengthen their immunity. At the same time, a detailed diagnostic evaluation is certainly needed in cases of recurrent ear, nose and throat problems within three months.

How to Protect Children from ENT Diseases

Families have a duty to protect their children from infections contracted through ear, nose and throat. Families need to be careful about providing children with an environment free from infection and viruses as much as possible. For this, it is important to keep children at the right temperature and feed them with foods which strengthen the immune system. If ENT infections recur several times within three months in a child, then the child will need to undergo a detailed diagnostic examination.

Adenoid Treatment in Children

Adenoid is one of the most common diseases encountered in children. Adenoid symptoms in children are in the form of nasal congestion, snoring, sleeping with an open mouth, and a persistent runny nose.

Adenoids are treated surgically. There is no age restriction in this surgical operation, which takes only 10 minutes. Adenoid surgery, which is applied to children over the age of two, can also be performed on children under this age in emergency cases.

Sinusitis in Children

Sinusitis is a serious problem which is quite common in both adults and children. The main causes of sinusitis in children are; anatomical disorders in the sinuses, frequent upper respiratory tract infections and structural deterioration of the sinus lining. The main symptoms of this problem are; 

Each of these symptoms reduces the quality of daily life and affects the child's development in both physical and cognitive areas. For this reason, it is recommended that an experienced ENT specialist be consulted without delay upon observing the symptoms. 

What Happens If Sinusitis Is Not Treated in Children? 

Sinusitis, which is a common problem in both adults and children, can cause much more serious health problems unless it is treated. Sinusitis, which has a significant negative effect on the development of children, reduces quality of life by causing problems such as headache, nasal congestion and runny nose in daily life, disrupts sleep patterns due to nasal congestion and nasal discharge, ultimately leading to concentration disorders. 

If a child has a sinusitis problem which persists for a long time and remains untreated, this can lead to difficulty in learning and a decrease in success in school. Sinusitis can also lead to jaw and joint problems, eye and tooth infections. 

Otitis Media in Children

One of the most common ENT diseases in children is otitis media. Although this disease is especially common in children with weak immune systems, it is also common in children who experience frequent upper respiratory tract infections. It is recommended to urgently consult an experienced physician in this problem, which manifests through complaints of earache, headache and high fever. 

What Happens If Otitis Media Is Not Treated in Children?

Untreated otitis media weakens the immune system as a result of exposure to high fever. It also prepares the ground for very serious diseases such as meningitis and facial paralysis. In addition, the frequent recurrence of otitis media causes problems in the function of the ear organ and may cause fluid accumulation behind the eardrum